Group requirements

Holding undertakings

In addition to preparing their own Financial statements, holding undertakings are required to prepare consolidated group financial statements and to lay them before the AGM at the same time as their own annual financial statements. The requirement to prepare group financial statements is contained in section 293 Companies Act 2014, and states that: "Where at the end of its financial year a company is a holding company, the directors of the company, as well as preparing entity financial statements for the financial year, shall prepare group financial statements for the holding company and all its subsidiary undertakings for that financial year."

A Small Group may also be eligible for audit exemption under section 359 Companies Act 2014.

Exemption from requirement to prepare group financial statements
An exemption from this requirement is contained in section 297 Companies Act 2014 which states that: 
A holding company shall, in respect of a particular financial year, be exempt from the requirement to prepare group financial statements if, at the financial year end date of the holding company— 
(a) for that financial year; and
(b) for the financial year of that company immediately preceding that financial year, the holding company and all of its subsidiary undertakings taken as a whole satisfy at least 2 of the following 3 qualifying conditions.

Those qualifying conditions are—

  • (a) the balance sheet total of the holding company and its subsidiary undertakings taken as a whole does not exceed €10 million;
  • (b) the amount of the turnover of the holding company and its subsidiary undertakings taken as a whole does not exceed €20 million; and 
  • (c) the average number of persons employed by the holding company and its subsidiary undertakings taken as a whole does not exceed 250. 

“Balance sheet total”, in relation to a company or undertaking, means the aggregate of the amounts shown as assets in the company’s or undertaking’s balance sheet.
“amount of the turnover”, in relation to a company or undertaking, means the amount of the turnover shown in the company’s or undertaking’s profit and loss account.

This section shall not apply where—
(a) any shares, debentures or other debt securities of a subsidiary undertaking have been admitted to trading on a regulated market in an EEA state; or
(b) any of the subsidiary undertakings is a credit institution or an insurance undertaking.

The group filing exemption based on size (section 298 Companies Act 2014) applies to LTD companies, Designated Activity Companies (DACs), Companies Limited by Guarantee (CLG) and Public Unlimited Companies without a share capital (PULC) but does not apply to Public Limited Companies (PLC) or Public Unlimited Companies with a share capital (PUC).

There is a further exemption under section 300 Companies Act 2014, being an exemption from the requirement to prepare group financial statements for a holding undertaking which is a fully or 50 per cent owned subsidiary undertaking of an EEA undertaking.

This exemption is not limited to private companies so a plc which meets the section 299 conditions may avail of it, but section 1377 Companies Act 2014 provides the exemption does not apply to a holding undertaking any of whose shares, debentures or other debt securities have been admitted to trading on a regulated market in an EEA Member State. So a listed plc cannot avail of the exemption.

Section 300 contains another exemption. This may be availed of by a holding undertaking which is itself a subsidiary undertaking of another undertaking established under the law of a non EEA Member State whose shareholders or members holding an aggregate of 50 per cent of the shares in the holding undertaking and notice requesting the preparation of group financial statements has not served on the company, at least 6 months before the end of the financial year of that undertaking.

A listed plc, is not entitled to avail of any of the three exemptions, and so must always prepare and file the group financial statements with its annual return.

Filing requirements
Sections 294/295 set out the filing requirement in relation to group financial statements. It requires a certified copy of group financial statements drawn up by the holding undertaking to be annexed to the annual return of the holding undertaking.

So unless a holding undertaking is entitled to avail of the exemptions under Chapter 5 Part 6 of the Companies Act 2014, it is obliged to annex the group financial statements to its annual return when filing same in CRO. A group can be exempted under the Audit Exemption (section 358(2)) where requirements are met.

Public Limited Companies and Public Unlimited Companies are not eligible for audit exemption.

Subsidiary undertakings
A private company that is a subsidiary of another undertaking which is established in another EEA Member State is exempted from the requirement to annex financial statements and reports to the annual return if certain conditions are fulfilled.

In this case, the following documents must be filed with the subsidiary company’s annual return, pursuant to section 294 Companies Act 2014:

1. Notice stating that the company has availed of the exemption under sections 297-304 Companies Act 2014.
2. A copy of an irrevocable guarantee by the holding undertaking of the liabilities of the subsidiary company’s annual return, pursuant to section 357(1)(b).
3. Notification by the company to the shareholders of the guarantee pursuant to section 357(1)(c).
4. A declaration by the subsidiary that all the shareholders have declared their consent to the exemption, this declaration to be signed by the secretary or a director (section 357(1)(f)(ii) requires the consent of all the shareholders).
5. Consolidated financial statements of the holding undertaking (the exemption of the subsidiary should be disclosed in a note to the Financial statements) drawn up in accordance with the requirements of section 294 and duly audited must be attached to the subsidiary undertakings annual return (section 357(1)(h)).

Example of the text of guarantee which is acceptable:
By this guarantee, X Limited of (registered office, etc.) as the holding undertaking of Y Limited and for the purposes of the exemptions referred to in section 357 of the Companies Act 2014, and not otherwise, hereby irrevocably guarantees in respect of the whole of the financial year of Y Limited ending on the ** day of *** 20**, all of the liabilities of Y Limited; provided that this guarantee shall not extend to any liability or commitment of Y Limited which shall not have arisen otherwise than in respect of that financial year or which shall not constitute a liability or loss.

Filing a batch of annual returns with the same set of consolidated financial statements
It is possible to file only one set of consolidated group financial statements when a number of annual returns for companies, which are the holding or subsidiary undertakings of the same group, are being filed together.

To avail of this option, a Form B1U must be completed and filed along with the annual returns and the set of financial statements. The B1U is essentially a cover sheet which lists the annual returns in the batch and incorporates the guarantee documents. It is not a statutory form and therefore there is no fee.
Form B1U is designed to facilitate the filing of one copy of consolidated group financial statements delivered in accordance with section 294/295 Companies Act 2014. It may be completed and submitted only when an annual return in respect of a member of a group has been lodged with that of another member of the group to which consolidated financial statements have been attached. All of the annual returns in the batch must be made up to the same date. Even if the ARD's of the companies are not the same, it is possible to avail of this option by making all the returns up to the same date and ticking the "Keep ARD" box as appropriate. The B1U must be signed by a Director or Secretary who is common to all of the companies in the batch.

Form B1U is not a substitution to the requirements that a list of subsidiary undertakings be submitted. The fact that the relevant consolidated financial statements have previously been filed is not sufficient. A set of consolidated financial statements must be filed with each batch of annual returns. 

Link to Form B1U